Riyadh Kazakhstan has been providing comprehensive assistance for the reconstruction of Afghanistan's economy for a long time, according to a report received from Kazakhstan's embassy in the Saudi capital Riyadh.
So, back in 1996, when the situation in the northern part of Afghanistan sharply deteriorated, an emergency meeting of the heads of the states of Central Asia and Russia was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan's financial hub.
The report noted that a meeting of the United Nations Security Council was urgently convened upon proposal by the participants in the Almaty meeting. It was then, on 22 October 1996, the first UN Security Council resolution 1076 was unanimously adopted on Afghanistan.
Astana has made a lot of efforts to help solve the Afghan problems during Kazakhstan's chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). The same line was also carried out in the framework of Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).
According to the report, Astana also actively participates in the settlement of the problems of Afghanistan within the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). The range of problems related to Afghanistan is one of the important areas of cooperation between the Republic of Kazakhstan and the North Atlantic Alliance.
Kazakhstan is committed to its obligations on Afghanistan revival. Since the beginning of the operation of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan has been assisting the coalition forces in the implementation of agreements on the transit of goods with the Alliance, as well as bilateral agreements with the United States, Germany, France, Spain and the United Kingdom. Now Kazakhstan is preparing to expand the transit potential for NATO cargo at the expense of the Caspian port of Aktau.
The report stated that Kazakhstan takes an active part in the humanitarian efforts of the international community to restore Afghanistan. Since 2007, Astana has been implementing a special Assistance Plan for Afghanistan. Within its framework, a program for the training of 1,000 peace professionals is being implemented for young Afghan citizens. In addition, in February 2017, a joint project of Kazakhstan, Japan and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) was presented in Kabul aimed at strengthening the economic independence of Afghan women and their training in Kazakhstan in such areas as public administration and health, which has also become a pilot one for Kazakhstan system of official development assistance.
The report added that Kazakhstan provides free technical and humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan annually. By means of Kazakhstan, the road "Talukan-Kunduz-Shirkhan-Bandar" was reconstructed, and schools and hospitals were built.
Kazakhstan continues to assist in the revival of peaceful life in Afghanistan - with an emphasis on social and educational programs and projects, humanitarian assistance in the form of food and fuel. Kazakhstan is ready, including through the mechanisms of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Program (WFP), to increase the supply of grain, flour and other types of food.
It is important to note that today among the main challenges of regional development there is the problem of combating drug production and drug trafficking. Without a comprehensive solution to these challenges, it will be difficult to achieve peace and stability in Afghanistan, the report stressed.
An important role in this process, in our opinion, should be played by the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Center for Combating Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Their Precursors. This unique structure, created in Almaty under the auspices of the UN, has already established itself as an effective mechanism for combating cross-border drug crime in the region.
Another important regional problem remains the threat of international terrorism and religious extremism. Afghanistan continues to be a source and exporter of terrorist and extremist activities, including in neighboring countries, the report read.
It suggested that the fundamental element of international assistance programs is the economic rehabilitation of Afghanistan. In April 2013, a ministerial conference was held in Almaty, at the opening ceremony of which President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev noted that the fundamental element of the international assistance programs is the economic rehabilitation of Afghanistan.
"It is necessary to accelerate the expansion of economic cooperation in the region and actively integrate Afghanistan into these processes. Kazakhstan is a firm supporter of such regional integration. Our country actively invests in the creation of a regional transport infrastructure," he said.
Kazakhstan is a firm supporter of regional integration. Astana actively invests in the creation of a regional transport infrastructure.
"The transit corridor "Western Europe-Western China", the railway route "Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran", the transport infrastructure of Kazakhstan in the Northern Distribution Network for the withdrawal of ISAF forces, the new ideas in the "New Silk Road" initiative is our country's contribution to the regional integration," President Nazarbayev added.
Kazakhstan supports large regional projects, which are still in development stage. Among them, TAPI Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India gas pipeline (TAPI), Central Asia and South Asia - 1000 Electricity Transmission (CASA-1000), and the extension of the network of railways around and inside Afghanistan.
The report pointed out that the city of Almaty could assist in solving the problems Afghanistan's development, given the fact that the southern capital of Kazakhstan is a powerful transport hub with wide capabilities situated geographically close to Afghanistan. Almaty is the location of international agencies, including the UN system - the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Center for Combating Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Their Precursors (CARICC).
At present, 18 offices, offices of various programs, funds and specialized agencies of the UN are already located in Almaty. If the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) is established in Almaty, the international community will be able to provide more diverse and more rapid assistance to Afghanistan in a more dynamic and rapid manner, for example, the time of the Almaty-Kabul charter flight is only one and a half hours. In this regard, the proposal to establish an international UN Center in Almaty remains relevant. Their activities will be directed, among other things, to the post-conflict rehabilitation of Afghanistan.
Source: International Islamic News Agency